RESEARCH ARTICLE


Iatrogenic Damage to the Periodontium Caused by Fixed Prosthodontic Treatment Procedures



PV Harish1, Sonila Anne Joseph 2, *, Syed Sirajuddin 3, Veenadharini Gundapaneni 3, Sachidananda Chungkham 3, Ambica .
1 Department of Prosthodontics, Rajarajeswari Dental College & Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Dental Art Clinic, Mareena towers, Coastal Road, Mahaboula, Kuwait
3 Department of Periodontology, Rajarajeswari Dental College & Hospital, Bangalore-560074, Karnataka, India


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Creative Commons License
© Harish et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the 1st Floor, Mareena towers, Coastal Road, Mahaboula, Kuwait; Tel: 0096566206465; E-mail: josephsonila@gmail.com


Abstract

Missing teeth should be replaced as soon as possible to maintain arch integrity and thereby avoid both morphologic and functional derangements in the occlusion. Otherwise, changes occur that upset the masticatory system, such as extrusion of the teeth opposing the edentulous areas along with their alveolar housing, their supporting tissues and ultimately the maxillary sinus. Concurrently with extrusion, shifting of the interproximal contacts and migration of the adjacent teeth occur, thereby impairing function and causing disharmony. Good oral health cannot be achieved when changes in tooth position alter the coronal contour and occlusion interfering with mutual support, which encourages food impaction and retention, further leading to osseous defects.

Keywords: Crown, fixed prosthodontic treatment, iatrogenic damage, periodontium, fpd.