RESEARCH ARTICLE


Dietary Strategies to Optimize Wound Healing after Periodontal and Dental Implant Surgery: An Evidence-Based Review



Beatrice Y Lau1, Bryan D Johnston1, Peter C Fritz2, Wendy E Ward1, *
1 Center for Bone and Muscle Health, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada
2 Reconstructive Periodontics and Implant Surgery Clinic, Fonthill, Ontario, Canada; Staff Periodontist, Niagara Health System; and Center for Bone and Muscle Health, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada


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Creative Commons License
© Lau et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Center for Bone and Muscle Health, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Brock University, 500 Glenridge Ave. St. Catharines, Ontario, L2S 3A1, Canada; Tel: 905 688 5550 X3024; Fax: 905 688 6840; E-mail: wward@brocku.ca


Abstract

Methods to optimize healing through dietary strategies present an attractive option for patients, such that healing from delicate oral surgeries occurs as optimally as possible with minimal patient-meditated complications through improper food choices. This review discusses findings from studies that have investigated the role of diet, either whole foods or individual dietary components, on periodontal health and their potential role in wound healing after periodontal surgery. To date, research in this area has largely focused on foods or individual dietary components that may attenuate inflammation or oxidant stress, or foster de novo bone formation. These studies suggest that a wide variety of dietary components, including macronutrients and micronutrients, are integral for optimal periodontal health and have the potential to accelerate oral wound healing after periodontal procedures. Moreover, this review provides guidance regarding dietary considerations that may help a patient achieve the best possible outcome after a periodontal procedure.

Keywords: Anti-inflammation, anti-oxidants, dietary strategies, implant surgery, minerals, oral wound healing, periodontal surgery, vitamins.