A Review of Early Displaced Maxillary Canines: Etiology, Diagnosis and Interceptive Treatment

George Litsas1, *, Ahu Acar2
1 Orthodontist 2, Venizelou Str., 50100 Kozani, Greece
2 Faculty of Dentistry, Marmara University, Istanbul Turkey

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© Litsas and Acar; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial ( which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Orthodontist 2, Venizelou Str., 50100 Kozani, Greece; Tel: 00306944590196; Fax: 00302462024228; E-mail:


Impaction of maxillary canines is a frequently encountered clinical problem the treatment of which usually requires an interdisciplinary approach. Surgical exposure of the impacted tooth and the complex orthodontic mechanisms that are applied to align the tooth into the arch may lead to varying amounts of damage to the supporting structures of the tooth, not to mention the long treatment duration and the financial burden to the patient. Hence, it seems worthwhile to focus on the means of early diagnosis and interception of this clinical situation. In the present article, theories related with the etiology of impacted canines and predictive variables of canine impaction in the mixed dentition are reviewed with an insight into current interceptive treatment modalities.

Key Words: Early displaced canines, etiology, diagnosis, prevention.