A Diagnostic Protocol and Management of Lingual Thyroid: A Case Report
Shivananda S.1, Vidya G. Doddawad2, *, Vidya C.S.3, Seema Mehdi4, Azhar Mohammed5
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2022
E-location ID: e187421062206273
Publisher ID: e187421062206273
Article History:Received Date: 24/2/2022
Revision Received Date: 18/4/2022
Acceptance Date: 25/4/2022
Electronic publication date: 23/08/2022
Collection year: 2022
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The lingual thyroid is a rare embryological abnormality caused by the thyroid's failure to descend from the foramen caecum to its normal prelaryngeal site. Although the ectopic gland at the base of the tongue is usually asymptomatic, it can cause localized symptoms.
In this case, we have a 12-year-old male paediatric patient who has hypothyroidism and is experiencing a foreign body sensation. Treatment included partial endoscopic removal via a transoral approach, followed by hormone replacement therapy.
We highlighted in this article about the differential diagnosis, diagnostic protocols, and therapeutic options.