The lingual thyroid is a rare embryological abnormality caused by the thyroid's failure to descend from the foramen caecum to its normal prelaryngeal site. Although the ectopic gland at the base of the tongue is usually asymptomatic, it can cause localized symptoms.
In this case, we have a 12-year-old male paediatric patient who has hypothyroidism and is experiencing a foreign body sensation. Treatment included partial endoscopic removal via a transoral approach, followed by hormone replacement therapy.
We highlighted in this article about the differential diagnosis, diagnostic protocols, and therapeutic options.
Keyword: Ectopic thyroid, Lingual thyroid, Dysphagia, Dyspnoea, Hypothyroidism. paediatric, Thyroid glands.