A Diagnostic Protocol and Management of Lingual Thyroid: A Case Report

Shivananda S.1, Vidya G. Doddawad2, *, Vidya C.S.3, Seema Mehdi4, Azhar Mohammed5
1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, JSS Dental College and Hospital, JSSAHER, Mysuru, India
2 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, JSS Dental College and Hospital, JSSAHER, Mysuru, India
3 Department of Anatomy, JSS Medical College and Hospital, JSSAHER, Mysuru, India
4 Department of Pharmacology, JSS College of Pharmacy, JSSAHER, Mysuru, India
5 Department of Orthodontics, A.B.Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Nitte Deemed to be University, Mangalore, India

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© 2022 Shivananda et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Oral Pathology and Microbiology, JSS Dental College and Hospital, India; Tel: 09343830621;



The lingual thyroid is a rare embryological abnormality caused by the thyroid's failure to descend from the foramen caecum to its normal prelaryngeal site. Although the ectopic gland at the base of the tongue is usually asymptomatic, it can cause localized symptoms.

Case Presentation:

In this case, we have a 12-year-old male paediatric patient who has hypothyroidism and is experiencing a foreign body sensation. Treatment included partial endoscopic removal via a transoral approach, followed by hormone replacement therapy.


We highlighted in this article about the differential diagnosis, diagnostic protocols, and therapeutic options.

Keyword: Ectopic thyroid, Lingual thyroid, Dysphagia, Dyspnoea, Hypothyroidism. paediatric, Thyroid glands.