Quality of Life in Menopausal Women with Dental Restorations and Implants

Spyridon Stefos1, *, Stefanos Kourtis2, Thomas Vrekoussis3, Areti Augoulea4, Sophia Kalantaridou5
1 Dentist-Prosthodontist, Private Practice, Ioannina, Greece
2 Department of Prosthodontics, Dental School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece
3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical School, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece
4 2nd Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece
5 3rd Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece

Article Metrics

CrossRef Citations:
Total Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 1187
Abstract HTML Views: 317
PDF Downloads: 149
ePub Downloads: 63
Total Views/Downloads: 1716
Unique Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 508
Abstract HTML Views: 171
PDF Downloads: 112
ePub Downloads: 45
Total Views/Downloads: 836

Creative Commons License
© 2022 Stefos et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Dentist-Prosthodontist, Private Practice, Charilaou Trikoupi Str. 41, Ioannina, Greece; Tel: +306972864000; E-mail:



This multicenter study examined the relationship, possible interactions, and intermittent effects that dental implants and prostheses can have on menopausal women’s quality of life as well as provided information regarding the possible side effects of therapeutic regimens on menopause and osteoporosis or osteopenia.

Materials and Methods:

Questionnaires consisted of selected quality of life questions based on specific and additional medical and dental (mainly prosthodontic) questions, which were administered to 100 Greek menopausal/post-menopausal women (Age: Mean Value=63,62 years old) with osteopenia or with or without osteoporosis, with dental implants and implant restorations, or conventional prosthetic restorations visiting two University Hospitals. Menopausal/post-menopausal status was judged on the basis of either secondary, definitive amenorrhoea or based on follicular stimulation hormone ​​(FSH) values, estradiol, and clinical risk factors.


Participants had a statistically significantly better “functional” and “psychological” feeling after prosthodontic rehabilitation with and without implants. Three out of four reported that their dentist informed them of the possible implant problems that might arise from osteoporosis and its treatment (medications). Moreover, osteopenia was found to be associated with a very lower problem percentage. The bisphosphonate treatment had the highest rate (80%) of reported implant problems than non-bisphosphonate treatment (30%). The hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for menopause was reported to be more associated with problems in implant placement (19%) than in those without treatment (27.3%).


The questionnaires revealed a significant improvement concerning women’s life quality and well-documented information about the problems their dental implants and restorations may cause in association with menopause and/or osteoporosis.

Keywords: Quality of life (QoL), Menopause, Dental implants, Osteoporosis, Prosthetic restorations, Prosthodontics, Women, Menopausal women.