This study evaluated the residual dentin thickness (RDT) of maxillary premolars after the use of different cervical preflaring (PF) drills by using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT).


Eighty bifurcated maxillary premolars were accessed and randomly divided into 5 groups (n=16). PF was performed with Gates-Glidden #1, #2, and #3 (group 1), Largo #1 and #2 (group 2), and LA Axxess #20/.06 (group 3), #35/.06 (group 4), and #45/.06 (group 5). CBCT images were acquired before (preoperative) and after (postoperative) PF. Initial and final cervical dentin thickness was measured at the buccal, palatal, mesial, and distal aspects, 0.5 mm coronally to the furcation, on both buccal and palatal roots, using CBCT’s image analysis software. The percentage of removed dentin after PF preparation was also calculated. Data were analyzed using ANOVA followed by Tukey’s test at a significance level of P < 0.05.


No statistically significant differences were found among the groups for preoperative or postoperative RDT (P > 0.05). LA Axxess #20/.06 (group 3) removed significantly less cervical dentin at all root canal aspects on both buccal and palatal roots. The mesial aspect of the buccal root and distal aspect of the palatal root were significantly reduced after the use of LA Axxess #45/.06 (group 5) and Largo #1 and #2 drills (group 2), respectively (P < 0.05).


PF in bifurcated maxillary premolars should be performed with LA Axxess instrument #20/.06. The use of Gates-Glidden #1, #2, and #3, Largo #1 and #2, and LA Axxess #45/.06 drills should be done with caution.

Keywords: Bifurcated maxillary premolars, Cervical preflaring, Cone-beam computed tomography, Coronal flaring, Residual dentin thickness, Vertical root fracture.
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