Dental-Facial Midline: An Esthetic Based Classification
Nischal Niraula1, 2, Reecha Acharya3, 4, Manoj Humagain1, Zohaib Khurshid5, Necdet Adanir6, Dinesh Rokaya*, 7
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2021
Issue: Suppl-3, M4
First Page: 405
Last Page: 409
Publisher Id: TODENTJ-15-405
Article History:Received Date: 07/10/2020
Revision Received Date: 14/11/2020
Acceptance Date: 14/12/2020
Electronic publication date: 01/09/2021
Collection year: 2021
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The facial midline and dental midline play an important role in facial esthetics, cosmetic dentistry, facial plastic surgery, and anthropologic studies.
This study studied the dental-facial midline in Nepalese subjects and to classify the midline.
The study was conducted in 150 Nepalese subjects, mostly consisting of University students (80 males and 70 females). After obtaining ethical approval, facial and dental midlines were analyzed using a scale.
It showed 26 (18%) study subjects showed the coincidence of the facial midline with the maxillary and mandibular dental midlines. It showed that only 44 (30%) subjects showed the coincidence of facial midline with only maxillary dental midline, and 26 (17%) subjects showed the facial midline coincidence with only mandibular dental midline. The dental midline discrepancy was more prevalent in the maxillary arch and more prevalent on the right side. Midline discrepancy is seen more in males compared to females. The majority of the deviation showed 1 mm, followed by 2 mm, and 3 mm.
The coincidence of the facial midline with both the maxillary and mandibular dental midlines is uncommon. Midline discrepancy is seen more in males compared to females. The majority of the subjects show a mild discrepancy of 1 mm. The midline discrepancy was more seen on the right side and in the maxillary arch.