Recurrent Peripheral Giant Cell Granuloma: A Case Report

Catarina Ribeiro Barros de Alencar1, Damião Edgleys Porto2, Alidianne Fábia Cabral Cavalcanti1, Alessandro Leite Cavalcanti1, *
1 School of Dentistry, State University of Paraiba, Campina Grande, PB, Brazil
2 School of Dentistry, Federal University of Paraiba, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil

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© 2018 Barros de Alencar et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address Correspondence to this author at the School of Dentistry, State University of Paraiba, Rua das Baraúnas, S/N – Bodocongo, Campina Grande, PB, 58429-500, Brazil, Tel: +55 83 3315-3326; E-mail:



This article describes a case of a Peripheral Giant Cell Granuloma (PGCG) in a girl.


PGCG is a relatively infrequent benign reactive lesion of the gingiva or alveolar ridge that develops in response to local irritation. Clinical appearance consists of a firm or soft smooth surface nodule in dissimilar colors of varying size with sessile or pedunculated implantation base. Radiographic features are generally nonspecific, thereby definitive diagnosis depends on microscopic examination to confirm the entity of PGCG.

Case Report:

A 6-year-old female patient was referred to the outpatient clinic of an Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Department with the chief complaint of an intraoral swelling. The intraoral examination showed a painless sessile mass with exophytic growth similar to a tumorous lesion located on the mandibular alveolar ridge extending from distal aspect of right mandibular primary canine to mesial aspect of first permanent molar of the same side.


Peripheral giant cell granuloma is a relatively uncommon lesion in children and potential for collaboration with the treatment in young patients should be considered for a successful therapeutic approach.

Keywords: Diagnosis, Granuloma giant cell, Gingival overgrowth, Mandible, Biopsy, Recurrence.