CASE REPORT


Conservative Socket Regeneration with Buccal Wall Defect Using Guided Tissue



Mohammed Jasim Al-Juboori*
Department of Periodontology, Al-Rafidain University College, Baghdad, Iraq


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© Mohammed Jasim Al-Juboori; Licensee Bentham Open

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this authors at the Department of Periodontology, Al-Rafidain University College, Palestine Street, P.O Box 46036, Baghdad, Iraq; Tel: (+964)7714559551; E-mail: doctor_mohamed_2006@yahoo.com


Abstract

Progressive alveolar bone resorption after tooth extraction may lead to surgical and prosthetic-driven difficulties, especially when deciding to use a dental implant to replace the extracted tooth. This case report discusses an irreparable lower left second premolar tooth with a periodontal lesion on the buccal side. A preservative tooth extraction was performed. Then, the socket was grafted with bovine bone, a collagen membrane was placed between the buccal bone and the attached gingiva, covering the bone dehiscence buccally, and the socket without a flap was raised. After a 6-month healing period, there was minimal socket width resorption and a shallow buccal vestibule. The implant was placed with high primary stability and sufficient buccal plate thickness. In conclusion, this guided tissue regeneration technique can minimize alveolar bone resorption in a socket with buccal dehiscence, but technical difficulties and shallowing of the buccal vestibule still exist.

Keywords: Bovine bone, Dehiscence, Guided tissue regeneration, Flapless, Socket preservation.