RESEARCH ARTICLE


Corrosion Analysis of an Experimental Noble Alloy on Commercially Pure Titanium Dental Implants



Manuel Alberto Bortagaray1, Claudio Arturo Antonio Ibañez2, Maria Constanza Ibañez3, Juan Carlos Ibañez4, *
1 Prosthodontics, Private Practice, Santa Rosa, La Pampa, Argentina
2 Career Specialization in Oral Implantology, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Córdoba, Argentina
3 Oral Implantology, Career Specialization in Oral Implantology, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Córdoba, Argentina
4 Dentistry, Career Specialization in Oral Implantology, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Córdoba, Argentina


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© Bortagaray et al.; Licensee Bentham Open

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Córdoba, Argentina., Obispo Oro 414, (5000) Córdoba, Argentina; Tel: +0054-0351-4680156; E-mail: dribanez@ibaimplantes.com


Abstract

Objective:

To determine whether the Noble Bond® Argen® alloy was electrochemically suitable for the manufacturing of prosthetic superstructures over commercially pure titanium (c.p. Ti) implants. Also, the electrolytic corrosion effects over three types of materials used on prosthetic suprastructures that were coupled with titanium implants were analysed: Noble Bond® (Argen®), Argelite 76sf +® (Argen®), and commercially pure titanium.

Materials and Methods:

15 samples were studied, consisting in 1 abutment and one c.p. titanium implant each. They were divided into three groups, namely: Control group: five c.p Titanium abutments (B&W®), Test group 1: five Noble Bond® (Argen®) cast abutments and, Test group 2: five Argelite 76sf +® (Argen®) abutments. In order to observe the corrosion effects, the surface topography was imaged using a confocal microscope. Thus, three metric parameters (Sa: Arithmetical mean height of the surface. Sp: Maximum height of peaks. Sv: Maximum height of valleys.), were measured at three different areas: abutment neck, implant neck and implant body. The samples were immersed in artificial saliva for 3 months, after which the procedure was repeated. The metric parameters were compared by statistical analysis.

Results:

The analysis of the Sa at the level of the implant neck, abutment neck and implant body, showed no statistically significant differences on combining c.p. Ti implants with the three studied alloys. The Sp showed no statistically significant differences between the three alloys. The Sv showed no statistically significant differences between the three alloys.

Conclusion:

The effects of electrogalvanic corrosion on each of the materials used when they were in contact with c.p. Ti showed no statistically significant differences.

Keywords: Dental implants, Galvanic corrosion, Noble alloys, Noble bond®, Suprastructure, Titanium.