Piezosurgery in Bone Augmentation Procedures Previous to Dental Implant Surgery: A Review of the Literature

Gabriel Leonardo Magrin, Eder Alberto Sigua-Rodriguez*, Douglas Rangel Goulart, Luciana Asprino
Piracicaba Dental School, State University of Campinas, Piracicaba, Brazil

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© Magrin et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

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* Address correspondence to this author at the Piracicaba Dental School, Department of Oral Diagnosis. P.O. Box 52, State University of Campinas – UNICAMP. Piracicaba, São Paulo – Brazil; Tel: (55) 19- 2106 5325; E-mail:


The piezosurgery has been used with increasing frequency and applicability by health professionals, especially those who deal with dental implants. The concept of piezoelectricity has emerged in the nineteenth century, but it was applied in oral surgery from 1988 by Tomaso Vercellotti. It consists of an ultrasonic device able to cut mineralized bone tissue, without injuring the adjacent soft tissue. It also has several advantages when compared to conventional techniques with drills and saws, such as the production of a precise, clean and low bleed bone cut that shows positive biological results. In dental implants surgery, it has been used for maxillary sinus lifting, removal of bone blocks, distraction osteogenesis, lateralization of the inferior alveolar nerve, split crest of alveolar ridge and even for dental implants placement. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the use of piezosurgery in bone augmentation procedures used previously to dental implants placement.

Keywords:: Dental implants, jaw, oral surgery, osteotomy, piezosurgery, sinus floor augmentation.