RESEARCH ARTICLE


An Evaluation of Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis



Caio V.G Roman-Torres1, 2, *, José S Neto2, Marcio A Souza2, Humberto O Schwartz-Filho1, William C Brandt1, Ricardo E.A.S Diniz3
1 Department of Dentistry, University of Santo Amaro, SP, Brazil
2 Department of Periodontology, Metropolitan University of Santos, SP, Brazil
3 Department of Medicine, Metropolitan University of Santos, SP, Brazil


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Creative Commons License
© Roman-Torres et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Rua Waldomiro Silveira 18, apto 71, CEP: 11065-200 Santos/SP – Brazil; Tel: +55 13 99130 4747; E-mail: cvgrt@hotmail.com


Abstract

aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of periodontal scaling and oral hygiene instruction for patients with mild chronic periodontitis and rheumatoid arthritis through clinical periodontal parameters and laboratory tests for CRP (C- reactive protein) and ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate). Twelve individuals with rheumatoid arthritis and 12 healthy individuals were evaluated, with a mean age of 45.38 and 46.75 respectively, all female and with mild, chronic periodontitis. The participants were evaluated clinically and periapical radiographs were taken (T1), after which periodontal treatment was instituted. After ninety days (T2), new clinical and laboratory data were obtained. Probing depth, bleeding index, and plaque indexes were observed in both groups, and the results demonstrated reductions but no statistical differences. Laboratory tests for CRP and ESR produced higher values for the rheumatoid arthritis group with T1- T2 reductions on the average, but the values were still higher than in the health group. We conclude that periodontal therapy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and mild chronic periodontitis showed a improvement in the periodontal clinical parameters and laboratory tests that were evaluated.

Keywords: Dental scaling, periodontal debridement, periodontitis, rheumatoid arthritis.