Clinical Evaluation of Removable Partial Dentures on the Periodontal Health of Abutment Teeth: A Retrospective Study

Linda J Dula 1, #, *, Enis F Ahmedi 1, 2, #, Zana D Lila-Krasniqi 1, #, Kujtim Sh Shala 1, #
1 Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, School of Dentistry, Prishtina, Kosovo
2 MedUni Graz, Dental School, Graz, Austria

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© Dula et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, School of Dentistry, Prishtina, Kosovo; Tel: +381 38 512 525; Fax: +381 38 512 474; E-mail:
# These authors contributed equally to this work


The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the effect of removable partial dentures in periodontal abutment teeth in relation to the type of denture support and design of RPD in a five-year worn period. Methods : A total of 64 patients with removable partial dentures (RPDs), participated in this study. It were examined ninety-one RPDs. There were seventy-five RPDs with clasp-retained and sixteenth were RPDs with attachments. There were 28 females and 36 males, aged between 40-64 years, 41 maxillary and 50 mandible RPDs. For each subjects the following data were collected: denture design, denture support, and Kennedy classification. Abutment teeth were assessed for plaque index (PI), calculus index (CI), blending on probing (BOP), probing depth (PD), gingival recession (GR), tooth mobility (TM). Level of significance was set at p<0.05. Results : According to denture support of RPD, BOP, PD, PI, GR, CI and TM-index showed no statistically significant difference. Based on the denture design of RPD’s, BOP, PD, PI, CI, and TM-index proved no statistically significant difference. Except GR-index according to denture design confirmed statistically significant difference in RPD with clasp p<0.01. The higher values of all periodontal parameter as BOP, PD, PI, CI and TM were in patients with RPD’s with claps comparing with RPD’s with attachment. Conclusion : RPD’s with clasp increased level of gingival inflammation in regions covered by the dentures and below the clasp arms in abutment teeth.

Keywords: Abutment teeth, periodontal health, removable partial denture (RPD).