RESEARCH ARTICLE


Evaluation of Cervical Posture Following Rapid Maxillary Expansion: A Review of Literature



Eleonora Ortu 1, *, Davide Pietropaoli 1, Maurizio Ortu 2, Mario Giannoni 3, Annalisa Monaco 1
1 Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences; Division of Gnatology; Dental Clinic; University of L'Aquila; Via Vetoio 67100, L'Aquila, Italy
2 Otolaryngology and Audiology; Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences; Dental Clinic; University of L'Aquila; L'Aquila, Italy
3 Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences; Dental Clinic; University of L'Aquila; L'Aquila; Italy


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Creative Commons License
© Ortu et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences; Division of Gnatology; Dental Clinic; University of L'Aquila; Via Vetoio 67100, L'Aquila; Italy; Tel: +39 0862 434973; E-mail: eleortu@gmail.com


Abstract

Objective:

The aim of this article is to elucidate the state of the art about how rapid maxillary expansion (RME) produces changes in natural head position (NHP) in terms of cephalometric angles or inclinometer data during the growth period, according to the available literature.

Methods:

Electronic search was done from January 2002 to June 2012 on PubMed, Cochrane and Scopus databases; in addition manual search was conducted as well. According to keywords, eleven papers were eligible for our purpose, but definitely six papers were selected in agreement with the inclusion/exclusion criteria.

Conclusions:

The current literature suggests that the potential relationship between RME and NHP is still unclear. In fact, although the change in the position of the head after the rapid palatal expansion is evident clinically, current orthodontic literature does not provide conclusive evidence about the nature of this relationship

Keywords: Cervical posture, children, natural head position (nhp), rapid maxillary expansion, rapid palatal expansion.