RESEARCH ARTICLE


Dry Socket: Frequency, Clinical Picture, and Risk Factors in a Palestinian Dental Teaching Center



Mohammed H Abu Younis , Ra'ed O Abu Hantash*
Al Quds University, Jerusalem, Palestine
Department of Prosthodontics, Al Quds University, Jerusalem, Palestine


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Creative Commons License
© Abu Younis and Abu Hantash; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Prosthodontics, Al Quds University, Jerusalem, Palestine; Tel: 00972 2 2791065; Fax: 00972 2 2791065; E-mail: abuhantash@yahoo.com


Abstract

Aims:

The objectives of this study were to find out the frequency, clinical picture, and risk factors of dry socket at the Dental Teaching Center of Al-Quds University in Palestine.

Methods and Materials:

Two previously used questionnaires were accomplished in this study over a one year period. The first questionnaire was completed for every patient who had one or more permanent teeth extracted in the Dental Surgery Clinic. The other one was completed for every patient suffered a postoperative pain and was diagnosed with dry socket.

Results:

There were 1305 dental extractions performed in 805 patients. The overall frequency of dry socket was 3.2%. The incidence of dry socket following non-surgical extractions was 1.7% while it was 15% following surgical extractions (P< 0.005). The incidence of dry socket was significantly higher in smokers (12%) than in non-smokers (4%) (P < 0.005), however, there is a strong association between the amount of smoking and the incidence of dry socket (P < 0.002). The incidence of dry socket was significantly higher in the single extraction cases (13%) than in the multiple extraction cases (5%) (P = 0.005). Age, sex, medical history, extraction site, amount of local anesthesia and experience of operator play no role in the occurrence of dry socket.

Conclusion:

Smoking, surgical trauma and single extractions are considered predisposing factors in the occurrence of dry socket. On the other hand, factors like: age, sex, medical history, extraction site, amount of anesthesia, and operator experience have no effect on the observation of dry socket.

Keywords: Dry socket, prevalence, smoking, surgical extraction.