REVIEW ARTICLE


Comparative Analysis of Methods for Surgical Treatment of Ankyloglossia: A Review Article



Susanna Oganyan1, Marina Khamidova1, Albert Davtyan1, *, Ekaterina Diachkova1, Natalia Blagushina1, Svetlana Repina1, Svetlana Bokareva1, Elena Morozova1
1 Department of Oral Surgery of Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (Sechenov University), Moscow, Russia


Article Metrics

CrossRef Citations:
0
Total Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 218
Abstract HTML Views: 78
PDF Downloads: 115
ePub Downloads: 48
Total Views/Downloads: 459
Unique Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 132
Abstract HTML Views: 60
PDF Downloads: 73
ePub Downloads: 37
Total Views/Downloads: 302



Creative Commons License
© 2022 Oganyan et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Department of Oral Surgery of Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (Sechenov University), Moscow, Russia; E-mail: vantady@yandex.ru


Abstract

Aim:

Ankyloglossia is a congenital oral anomaly characterized by a short frenulum of the tongue, which can cause nutritional, speech, and developmental problems. The limited movement of the tongue may lead to the development of various anomalies of dentition. Thus, the purpose of this work is to compare the existing methods for surgical treatment of ankyloglossia that involve either laser technologies or scalpels.

Methods:

We analyzed literature sources about patients with ankyloglossia treated with various surgical methods, such as the use of a scalpel, diode laser, CO2 laser, Er:YAG laser and Nd:YAG laser.

Results:

The results showed that lasers have multiple advantages over the scalpel: bloodless surgery, which provides good visualization of the surgery field; no need for suturing; the reduction of inflammation and pain in the postoperative period due to the bactericidal properties of the laser; minimal or no scar tissue; decreased surgery time.

Conclusion:

Thus, the laser technique is an alternative to conventional surgery, and, considering the upper mentioned benefits, it can be stated that the laser beam is more effective than a scalpel or scissors.

Keywords: Ankyloglossia, Frenectomy, Scalpel, Diode laser, CO2 laser, Er:YAG laser, Nd:YAG laser.