RESEARCH ARTICLE


Knowledge and Awareness regarding Dental Management of Hemophilic Patients among Students of a Malaysian University: A Cross-Sectional Study



Ann Mary George1
iD
, Anoop Mayya2
iD
, Arun Mayya3, *
iD
, Azzura Binti Iszham1, Nur Hanna Binti Moh’d Rafi1, Royle Marius1, Shreemathi S. Mayya4
iD

1 Manipal University College Malaysia, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Melaka, Malaysia
2 Manipal University College Malaysia, Prosthodontics, Melaka, Malaysia
3 AJ Institute of Dental Sciences, Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Mangalore, India
4 Department of data science, Prasanna School of Public Health, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India


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Creative Commons License
© 2022 George et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the AJ Institute of Dental Sciences, Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Mangalore, India; E-mail: mayya.arun@gmail.com


Abstract

Background:

Improper management of bleeding disorders in the dental setting can lead to complications that can endanger the lives of such patients.

Objective:

This study aimed to assess the knowledge and awareness of dental management of hemophilia among undergraduate students of a Malaysian university.

Methodology:

A cross-sectional survey was conducted in the year 2018-2019 to collect the data. A 23-item questionnaire developed and validated by the authors was used to collect data on the knowledge and awareness regarding dental management of hemophilia patients. A total of 216 dental students participated in this research. Unpaired t-test and one-way ANOVA were used to compare the knowledge score between gender and academic year.

Results:

Only 21% of the participants were confident in treating a hemophilia patient. About 97% of the participants believed that the dental curriculum must be modified to emphasize the dental management of bleeding disorders. The overall mean of the knowledge score was 47.38% and awareness was 73.7% regarding the management of patients with hemophilia.

Conclusion:

The study revealed significant scope for improvement in the dental students' knowledge, which can be achieved by modifying the dental curriculum suitably to provide more emphasis on the management of bleeding disorders.

Keywords: Bleeding disorders, Dental management, Hemophilia, Inherited disorders, Knowledge, Awareness.