Sella Turcica Bridging and its Association with Dental Anomalies
Divya Siddalingappa1, *, Arun S. Urala1, Kalyana C. Pentapati2, Ravindranath Vineetha3, G. Lakshmi Prasad4
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2021
First Page: 473
Last Page: 478
Publisher Id: TODENTJ-15-473
Article History:Received Date: 8/12/2020
Revision Received Date: 10/6/2021
Acceptance Date: 20/6/2021
Electronic publication date: 17/09/2021
Collection year: 2021
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This study aimed to study the overall incidence of DA and its association with Sella Turcica bridging (STB).
Dental anomalies (DA) are associated with morphological changes in the Sella Turcica (ST).
Materials and Methods:
We retrieved the pretreatment patient records from March 2018 - March 2020 from the archives of the Orthodontics Department (n=806). We excluded the records with missing radiographs, concomitant cleft lip/ palate, history of surgical repair of cleft lip/ palate or any other craniofacial anomaly, history of trauma, and prior orthodontic treatment. A total of 676 patient records were included for initial screening, out of which 103 patients had DA (study group). A similar number of records (n=103) without any DA were randomly selected to constitute a control group. Determination of the extent of STB was done by calibrated and trained examiner. Age and sex were also recorded.
The incidence of DA was 15.24%. The most common anomalies recorded were impacted canines (6.8%) and hyperdontia (3.7%), followed by agenesis (2.1%) and others. Type III bridging in patients with DA was 22.3%, while being 9.7% in the control group. Type II bridging was observed in 36.8% of patients with DA as compared to 29.1% in the control group. The presence of partial and complete STB in patients with dental anomalies was significantly higher than in the control group (P=0.006). The study group showed significant association with STB (OR: 2.33; P=0.003; 95%CI: 1.33-4.11) after adjusting for sex.
The results of our study revealed a significant association between STB and DA.