Oral Surgical and Haematological Management in a Female Patient with Turner Syndrome and Moderate Haemophilia A: Clinical Observation and Case Report

The Open Dentistry Journal 17 Sept 2021 CASE REPORT DOI: 10.2174/1874210602115010423



Turner syndrome patients are at higher risk of having X-linked recessive disorders that could have serious clinical implications. Somatic abnormalities that may coexist with coagulation disorders determine the medical procedure approaches.

Case Report:

We report a 29-year-old female showing dysmorphia, distinctive physical features, and coagulation disorder, referred for maxillofacial surgery. Based on clinical symptoms, the patient was diagnosed with Turner Syndrome, and haemophilia A. Karyotyping confirmed classical monosomy X in all analysed blood cells. Molecular studies revealed hemizygous point mutation c.5096A>G (p.Tyr1699Cys) in Factor VIII gene, in exon 14. This missense mutation disturbs the interaction of Factor VIII with the von Willebrand factor, causing moderate haemophilia in the proband. The article presents the clinical history and preparation of our patient for oral surgical and dental surgery treatment.


Turner syndrome patients require special attention due to the higher probability of congenital haemorrhagic diathesis. Maxillofacial surgery interventions in Turner syndrome and congenital haemorrhagic diathesis patients require individual patient preparation preventing post-extraction bleeding and ensuring proper local haemostasis.

Keywords: Turner syndrome, Moderate haemophilia A, Maxillofacial surgery, Coagulation disorders, Haemorrhagic diathesis, Dental surgery.
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