RESEARCH ARTICLE


COVID-19 is a New Challenge for Dental Practitioners: Advice on Patients’ Management from Prevention of Cross Infections to Telemedicine



Amerigo Giudice1, 2, *, Francesco Bennardo1, 2, Alessandro Antonelli1, 2, Selene Barone1, 2, Leonzio Fortunato1, 2
1 School of Dentistry, Department of Health Sciences, Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy
2 Unit of Dentistry, “Mater Domini” Hospital, COVID-19 Reference Hospital for Calabria Region, Catanzaro, Italy


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Creative Commons License
© 2020 Giudice et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the School of Dentistry, Department of Health Sciences, Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, Viale Europa - 88100 Catanzaro, Italy; Tel: 0039 347 514 5662; Fax: 0039 0961 712 402; E-mail: a.giudice@unicz.it


Abstract

Background:

The COVID-19, originated in China in December 2019, has spread worldwide pandemically. Infection control measures are especially needed for healthcare professionals who meet potentially infected patients.

Objective:

The authors aimed to provide general knowledge about COVID-19 disease and indications for the management of emergency dental procedures based on recent literature and experience gained.

Methods:

A literature search was performed to identify scientific information on COVID-19 and prevention of cross infection appropriate for the practice of dentistry.

Results:

The authors provided relevant information about SARS-CoV-2 virus, COVID-19 disease, and prevention of cross infections in the dental office. Furthermore, the authors described their experience and highlighted the potential of telemedicine.

Conclusion:

This article, based on relevant researches, guidelines and Authors’ experience in a COVID-19 Hospital, introduces essential knowledge about COVID-19 and transmission routes and provides recommended management protocols for dental practitioners.

Keywords: COVID-19, Dental public health, Emergency dental treatment, Guidelines, Infection control, Telemedicine.