Bond Strength of Repaired Acrylic Denture Teeth Using Visible Light Cure Composite Resin



Saja Ali Muhsin*
Prosthetic Dental Technology, College of Health and Medical Technology, Middle Technical University, Baghdad, Iraq


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© Saja Ali Muhsin; Licensee Bentham Open

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Prosthetic Dental Technology, College of Health and Medical Technology, Middle Technical University, Baghdad, Iraq; Tel: 00964 (0) 7708885548; E-mails: kaka.alshimmary@yahoo.com, dr.sajaalshimmary@gmail.com


Abstract

Background:

Although bonding to denture teeth after surface treatment with chemical agents is desirable, there is little information on the use of Visible Light Cure composite resin (VLC) as bonding denture materials.

Objectives:

To determine the effect of various surface treatments on shear bond strength between Visible Light Cure composite resin and the acrylic denture teeth interface.

Methods:

Forty cylindrical sticks of acrylic resin with denture teeth mounted atop were prepared. Various treatments were implemented upon the acrylic resin teeth surfaces. The samples were divided into four groups (n = 10). Light-cured composite resin (LC) was applied over all treated and untreated surfaces of tested groups. The shear bond was tested using a universal tensile testing apparatus with the knife-edge of a 0.8mm shear tester. Data were statistically analyzed using one-way ANOVA performed at a confidence level of 95% and significant P-value of (P ≤ 0.05).

Results:

Analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed statistically significant difference (P < 0.05) between treated and untreated teeth surfaces. The treated surfaces exhibited various levels of bond strength depending on the type of treatment.

Conclusion:

Application of VLC bonding agent with prior treatment of methylmethacrylate (MMA) on the acrylic resin denture teeth resulted in maximum bond strength with composite resin.

Keywords: Light-cure composite, Methylmethacrylate, Repaired denture teeth, Shear-bond strength, Surface treatment, Visible Light Cure bonding agent.