Oral Leiomyoma in an Adult Male: A Case Report



Amanda Phoon Nguyen*, Agnieszka M Frydrych
School of Dentistry, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia


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© 2017 Nguyen and Frydrych.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Oral Medicine Clinic, Oral Health Centre of Western Australia, E Block, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Hospital Avenue, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia 6009, Tel: +61 8 64577626; E-mail: amanda.phoonnguyen@uwa.edu.au


Abstract

Introduction:

Oral leiomyomas are rare, benign neoplasms of smooth muscle origin, presenting as a solitary, asymptomatic, nodular mass.

Case Presentation:

Here we present the case of a 54-year-old male with a lesion in the midline of his hard palate, which was diagnosed as a localized benign leiomyoma, along with a review of the recent literature.

Discussion:

Diagnosis of a leiomyoma must be based on the histopathological assessment of tissue as the clinical appearance is non-specific. The peak prevalence of head and neck leiomyoma is observed in the 4th and 5th decade of life with uncertain gender predilection. Histological features include interlacing fascicles of smooth muscle small cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm. Complete excision is usually curative and recurrence is rare.

Conclusion:

Due to their rare nature, it is important that cases of oral leiomyoma can be reported in the literature to improve our understanding of this entity.

Keywords: Oral Leiomyoma, Hard Palate, Benign neoplasms, Histopathological assessment, Eosinophilic cytoplasm, Interlacing fascicles.