Methodologies in Orthodontic Pain Management: A Review
Asra Sabir Hussain1, *, Meteib Joraib Al Toubity2, Wael Y. Elias3
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2017
First Page: 492
Last Page: 497
Publisher Id: TODENTJ-11-492
Article History:Received Date: 03/02/2017
Revision Received Date: 18/05/2017
Acceptance Date: 12/08/2017
Electronic publication date: 31/08/2017
Collection year: 2017
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Patients experience pain and discomfort during active orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. Pain is considered a subjective response to noxious stimuli. It can vary from person to person and is influenced by certain factors such as age, gender, previous pain experiences, stress or anxiety, and type of appliance.
The objective of this literature review was to discuss conventional versus recently introduced treatment modalities used in pain management for orthodontic patients.
According to the reviewed articles, both pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods were introduced in orthodontic pain management. However, orthodontists must use their best professional judgment to assess each case individually and select an appropriate treatment modality based on pain threshold level of an individual.
Nevertheless, further investigations are required in this field.