REVIEW ARTICLE


The Role of Occlusion in the Dental Implant and Peri-implant Condition: A Review



Carmen V. Graves1, Steve K. Harrel1, *, Jeffrey A. Rossmann1, David Kerns1, Jorge A. Gonzalez2, Elias D. Kontogiorgos3, Ibtisam Al-Hashimi1, Celeste Abraham1
1 Periodontics Department, Texas A&M Baylor College of Dentistry, Dallas, Texas, USA
2 Center of Maxillofacial Prosthesis, Texas A&M Baylor College of Dentistry, Dallas, Texas, USA
3 Restorative Science and Implant Dentistry, Texas A&M Baylor College of Dentistry, Dallas, Texas, USA


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Creative Commons License
© Graves et al.; Licensee Bentham Open

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Periodontics Department, Texas A&M Baylor College of Dentistry, Dallas, Texas, USA; Tel: (214) 352-5304; E-mail: skharrel@gmail.com


Abstract

Dental implants have become a widely used dental treatment approach. It is important to identify factors that can be detrimental to dental implants and the peri-implant complex. There is controversy regarding whether occlusion plays a role in the implant and peri-implant condition. The present study aims to review the scientific literature regarding this topic. Animal and human studies, and previous reviews on the topic are included and presented. There is a wide heterogeneity among study designs. Several articles demonstrated that occlusion and occlusion overload could detrimentally affect the peri-implant condition, while other articles did not support these results. More studies are needed to help understand the mechanisms by which occlusion might play a role in the peri-implant condition.

Keywords: Dental implants, Occlusion, Overload, Occlusal discrepancies, Peri-implant.