The Role of Occlusion in the Dental Implant and Peri-implant Condition: A Review
Carmen V. Graves1, Steve K. Harrel1, *, Jeffrey A. Rossmann1, David Kerns1, Jorge A. Gonzalez2, Elias D. Kontogiorgos3, Ibtisam Al-Hashimi1, Celeste Abraham1
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2016
First Page: 594
Last Page: 601
Publisher Id: TODENTJ-10-594
Article History:Received Date: 12/05/2016
Revision Received Date: 28/09/2016
Acceptance Date: 15/10/2016
Electronic publication date: 16/11/2016
Collection year: 2016
open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
Dental implants have become a widely used dental treatment approach. It is important to identify factors that can be detrimental to dental implants and the peri-implant complex. There is controversy regarding whether occlusion plays a role in the implant and peri-implant condition. The present study aims to review the scientific literature regarding this topic. Animal and human studies, and previous reviews on the topic are included and presented. There is a wide heterogeneity among study designs. Several articles demonstrated that occlusion and occlusion overload could detrimentally affect the peri-implant condition, while other articles did not support these results. More studies are needed to help understand the mechanisms by which occlusion might play a role in the peri-implant condition.