Prevalence of Dental Anomalies in Permanent Dentition of Brazilian Individuals with Down Syndrome
Osmar Aparecido Cuoghi1, Francielle Topolski2, *, Lorraine Perciliano de Faria2, Carla Machado Occhiena2, Nancy dos Santos Pinto Ferreira3, Camila Ribeiro Ferlin2, Marcos Rogério de Mendonça1
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2016
First Page: 469
Last Page: 473
Publisher ID: TODENTJ-10-469
Article History:Received Date: 6/04/2016
Revision Received Date: 8/6/2016
Acceptance Date: 23/07/2016
Electronic publication date: 31/08/2016
open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of dental anomalies in the permanent dentition of individuals with Down Syndrome (DS) to increase the knowledge on the dental issues in this syndrome.
One hundred and five panoramic X-rays of patients with DS (61 males and 44 females), aged 7 to 42 years were used. The data were statistically analyzed using bivariate analyses test (p <0.05).
Dental anomalies were observed in 50.47% of the sample. More than one anomaly was observed in 9.52% of the individuals. The most frequent dental anomalies were hypodontia and microdontia (16.19%), followed by retained tooth (10.47%), taurodontism (9.52%), supernumerary teeth (5.71%), macrodontia (2.85%) and root dilaceration (0.95%). There was no statistically significant difference between genders for any of the anomalies.
A high prevalence of dental anomalies was observed in individuals with DS. The results of the present study reinforce the importance of good dental care, offering a greater basis for professionals who provide dental service to these patients.