RESEARCH ARTICLE


Tooth Size in Patients with Mild, Moderate and Severe Hypodontia and a Control Group



Khaled Khalaf*
Department of Orthodontics, King Faisal University, Al Ahsa, KSA


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© Khaled Khalaf; Licensee Bentham Open

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the College of Dentistry, King Faisal University, P. O. Box 400, Al Ahsa 31982, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; Tel: +966 135898493; Fax: +966 135815271; Emails: kakalef@gmail.com, kkhalaf@kfu.edu.sa


Abstract

Objectives:

To compare tooth size between subjects with mild, moderate and severe hypodontia and a control group.

Material and Methods:

The study comprised 120 patients with hypodontia divided into three groups of 40 mild (≤2 teeth congenitally missing), 40 moderate (3-5 teeth congenitally missing) and 40 severe (≥6 teeth congenitally missing) hypodontia; and 40 age and sex matched controls. Tooth size was recorded by measuring the mesiodistal and buccolingual dimensions of all fully erupted teeth on study models using digital callipers and compared between all hypodontia and control groups using Two-way ANOVA and Post Hoc Tests of subgroup comparison.

Results:

Two-way ANOVA revealed patients with hypodontia had significantly smaller mesiodistal and buccolingual tooth dimensions compared with controls (p<0.05). Furthermore patients with more severe hypodontia demonstrated significantly smaller tooth dimensions than those in the mild and moderate hypodontia subgroups (p<0.05). The most affected tooth in terms of tooth size reduction was the maxillary lateral incisor and the least affected tooth was the mandibular first molar.

Conclusion:

Patients with hypodontia have smaller tooth dimensions than control. Tooth size appears to be affected by the degree of hypodontia, with severe hypodontia having a greater effect on tooth size reduction. The findings of this study may contribute to understanding the aetiology of hypodontia and aid the multidisciplinary management of this complex condition.

Keywords: Congenitally, Dimension, Hypodontia, Missing, Size, Tooth.