RESEARCH ARTICLE


Sinus Lift Augmentation by Using Calcium Sulphate. A Retrospective 12 Months Radiographic Evaluation Over 25 Treated Italian Patients



L. Laino1, G. Troiano1, G. Giannatempo1, U. Graziani1, D. Ciavarella1, M. Dioguardi1, L. Lo Muzio1, F. Lauritano2, M. Cicciù2, *
1 Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Foggia University, Foggia, Italy
2 Department of Human Pathology, School of Dentistry, University of Messina, Messina, Italy


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Creative Commons License
© Laino et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, noncommercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Human Pathology, Dental School, Messina University, Via Consolare Valeria 98100, Messina, Italy; Tel: 0039-090 221 6920; E-mail: acromarco@yahoo.it


Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this investigation was to assess bone healing of sinus lift procedure in which the augmentation has been performed by using calcium sulphate like bone substitutes. The methods of this investigation how the use of Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) may be a valid instrument to support reconstructive surgery of the jaws. Patients and Methodology: 25 Patients presented large bone defects after tooth extractions located in the upper jaw posterior area. Vertical bone volume was assessed by CBCT examinations before and about six months after sinus lift surgery. Results: Examined defects treated with sinus lift surgery and evaluated by CBCT showed a strong increasing on the bone volume at 6 months follow up control. Conclusion: Calcium sulphate application in sinus lift surgery represent a safe and predictable option in the place of autologous bone. Therefore the application of CBCT investigation may give the clinicians the opportunity of evaluating with high precision value, the consistence of the bone defects before the surgery.

Keywords:: Autologus bone graft, bone defects, calcium sulphate, cone beam computed tomography, Italian patients, sinus lift.