Iatrogenic Damage to the Periodontium Caused by Orthodontic Treatment Procedures: An Overview

Syed Rafiuddin 1, *, Pradeep Kumar YG 2, Shriparna Biswas 3, Sandeep S Prabhu 3, Chandrashekar BM 3, Rakesh MP 3
1 Department of Orthodontics, Sri Hasanamba Dental College & Hospital, Hassan, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, Government Dental College & Hospital & Research Institute, Bellary, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Periodontology, Rajarajeswari Dental College & Hospital, Bangalore-560074, Karnataka, India

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© Rafiuddin et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Orthodontics, Hasanamba Dental College and Hospital, Hassan, Karnataka, India; Tel: 08050966179; E-mail:


In orthodontic treatment, teeth are moved in to new positions and relationships and the soft tissue and underlying bone are altered to accommodate changes in esthetics and function. Function is more important than esthetics. The speciality of orthodontics has in addition to its benefits, complications as well as risks associated with its procedures. However the benefits outweigh the risks & complications in most of the treatment cases. Few of the unwanted side effects associated with treatment are tooth discolorations, enamel decalcification, periodontal complications like open gingival embrasures, root resorption, allergic reactions to nickel & chromium as well as treatment failure in the form of relapse.

Keywords: Iatrogenic, orthodontics, periodontium, tooth movement. .