Iatrogenic Factors Affecting the Periodontium: An Overview

Ravi Varma Prasad 1, *, Siddharth Chincholi 2, Deepika V 1, Syed Sirajuddin 3, Shriparna Biswas 3, Sandeep S Prabhu 3, Rakesh MP 3
1 Department of Periodontology, MNR Dental College & Hospital, Sangareddy, Telangana State, India
2 Department of Periodontology, HKDET Dental College & Hospital, Humnabad, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Periodontology, Rajarajeswari Dental College & Hospital, Bangalore-560074, Karnataka, India

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© Prasad et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Periodontics, MNR Dental College and Hospital, Sangareddy. Telangana State, India; Tel: 09885790777; E-mail:


The principal reason of gingival inflammation is bacterial plaque, along with other predisposing factors. These predisposing factors are calculus, malocclusion, faulty restorations, complications associated with orthodontic therapy, self- inflicted injuries, use of tobacco & radiation therapy. The contributing factors to gingival inflammation & periodontal destruction are deficient dental restorations and prosthesis. Inadequate dental procedures that add to the weakening of the periodontal tissues are referred to as iatrogenic factors.

Keywords: Bacteria, calculus, iatrogenic damage, inflammation, plaque, radiation therapy, restoration. .