Evidence-Based Dentistry in a Developing Economy – the Nigerian Example

Akadiri Oladimeji Adeniyi*, 1, Adeyemo Wasiu Lanre2
1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Health Sciences, University of Port Hacourt, Rivers, Nigeria
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Nigeria

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© Adeniyi and Lanre; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the P.O. Box 212, Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria; Tel: (+234)-808-709-9694; E-mail:



Evidence-based dentistry (EBD) is becoming popular all over the world with the increasing global involvement of dental practitioners in the debates on the relevance or otherwise of EBD. However, very little has been known on the evolutionary trend of EBD in the developing countries of the world.

Aims and Objectives

This pilot study was designed to assess the state of EBD in the accredited dental schools in Nigeria as an example of a developing economy.


An electronic search was conducted for articles on the subject of EBD emanating into the world dental literature from Nigeria as a measure of activities in the field of EBD in the country. Further investigation was done by way of interviews of faculty members and resident doctors in the four fully accredited dental schools in Nigeria. The subject of the interview was premised around the evaluation of activities in the field of EBD.


Only 6 relevant articles were found in the search. The interviews however revealed an increasing awareness but low level of knowledge of the principles of EBD in the dental schools. Major obstacles were infrastructural limitations and lack of personal motivations. The enthusiasm of the younger faculties and resident doctors was notable.


It was obvious that EBD is yet to assume the desired momentum in the 21st century in Nigeria. It is however gladdening that there is a promising future for EBD with the rising enthusiasm noted among the younger generation of clinicians.

Keywords: Evidence-based dentistry, Evidence-based dental practice, 21st century, Nigeria.