RESEARCH ARTICLE


Incorporation of Radio Frequency Identification Tag in Dentures to Facilitate Recognition and Forensic Human Identification



E Nuzzolese1, *, V Marcario2, G Di Vella3
1 Forensic Odontologist, Bari, Italy
2 Dental Technician, Bitritto, (Bari), Italy
3 Associate Professor in Forensic Pathology, Sezione di Medicina Legale, Università degli Studi “A. Moro”, Bari, Italy


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Creative Commons License
© Nuzzolese et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Ambulatorio Nuzzolese, Viale JF Kennedy 77, 70124 Bari, Italy; Tel: +39 080 5042555; Fax: +39 080 22031198; E-mail: emilionu@tin.it


Abstract

Forensic identification using odontology is based on the comparison of ante-mortem and post mortem dental records. The insertion of a radio frequency identification (RFId) tag into dentures could be used as an aid to identify decomposed bodies, by storing personal identification data in a small transponder that can be radio-transmitted to a reader connected to a computer. A small passive, 12 x 2,1 mm, read-only RFId-tag was incorporated into the manufacture of three trial complete upper dentures and tested for a signal. The aim of this article is to demonstrate the feasibility of manufacturing such a dental prosthesis, the technical protocols for its implantation in the denture resin and its working principles. Future research and tests are required in order to verify human compatibility of the tagged denture and also to evaluate any potential deterioration in strength when subjected to high temperatures, or for damage resulting from everyday wear and tear. It should also be able to withstand the extreme conditions resulting from major accidents or mass disasters and procedures used to perform a forensic identification.

Keywords: Forensic dentistry, denture labelling, radio-frequency identification, human identification, forensic science.