This study evaluated the impact and flexural strength and analyzed the fracture behavior of acrylic resins.
Eighteen rectangular specimens were fabricated of Lucitone 550, QC 20 (both unreinforced acrylic resins), Impact 1500 (extra strength impact), Impact 2000 (high impact) according to the manufacturers’ instructions. The impact strength was evaluated in notched specimens (50x6x4mm) and flexural strength in unotched (64x10x3.3mm), using three-point bending test, as well as, stress at yield, Young modulus and displacement at yield. Fragments from mechanical tests were observed by SEM. Data from impact strength, stress at yield and displacement at yield were analyzed by 1-way ANOVA and Tukey test (α=0.05). Young modulus values were analyzed by One-way ANOVA and Dunnett T3 multiple comparisons test (α=0.05).
Mean values of impact strength and stress at yield values were higher (P<.005) for Impact 2000 while Young modulus was higher (P<.05) for Lucitone 550; Impact 1500 and Impact 2000 showed significant values (P<.05) in the displacement at yield. Impact fractures of the all acrylic resins were brittle. Bending fractures of Lucitone 550 and Impact 2000 were brittle, QC 20 fractures were ductile and Impact 1500 showed brittle (75%) and ductile (25%) fractures.
Within the limitations of this study, the Impact 2000 showed improved mechanical properties with high capacity of stress absorption and energy dissipation before the fracture.
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