Awareness of Novo Types of Composites among Dental Students and Interns in Makkah Region, Saudi Arabia. Cross Sectional Study

Rahaf Abdulkhaliq Salem1, *, Basem Adel Danish2, Nada Ali Abdulaleem3
1 Umm Al-Qura University, College of Dental Medicine, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
2 Umm Al-Qura University, Preventive Dentistry, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
3 Umm Al-Qura University, Restorative Dentistry, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

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© 2023 Salem et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Umm Al-Qura University, College of Dental Medicine, Makkah, Saudi Arabia; E-mail:



The tooth structure is important to be restored at the very beginning of any decay or any recession that may affect the gingiva, to prevent any further complications. Moreover, as the patient’s priority is to have an esthetic smile, the use of esthetic materials such as gingival pink composite and single-shaded composite is indicated for an immediate result.


This study aimed to assess the awareness among dental students and interns of novo types of composite (gingival pink, and single shade) in the Makkah region of Saudi Arabia.


A cross-sectional study with an online survey was formulated and distributed on different social media platforms. A total of 190 participants responded to the study questionnaire. Data were collected from filled-out questionnaires and analyzed using Microsoft Excel 2019. Descriptive statistics were used.


The results showed a low level of awareness of gingival composite material (40.5%), and 51% of the students and interns were aware of single-shaded composites. The awareness level of the advantages of the esthetic use of gingival composite materials was 36%, and 56% were aware of the advantages of the esthetic use of the single-shaded composite.


This study indicated a low level of awareness regarding the use and characteristics of gingival composite materials among dental students and interns. There was a higher level of awareness about single-shade composites. It is recommended that education on novo composites should be prioritized.

Keywords: Awareness, Esthetics, Composite, Single shade composite, Omnichroma, Gingiva, Recession, Restorative, Dentistry.