This in-vitro study investigated the effect of 0.2% Chitosan associated with different final irrigant protocols on the bond strength of fiber posts (FP) to root canal dentin.


Fifty bovine incisors roots were prepared using the ProTaper Universal system, irrigated with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite, and divided into one control group (n=10) with no final irrigant protocol and four experimental groups (n=10), which were defined according to the combination of chelating solution (17% EDTA and 0.2% Chitosan) and irrigant activation/delivery method [conventional irrigation (CI), and passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI)]. Post spaces were prepared to a depth of 12 mm using #1-5 Largo drills, and the FP were cemented using self-adhesive resin cement. Two slices of 2 mm in thickness from each third were obtained and submitted to the micropush-out test. After testing the push-out strength, the slices were analyzed under a stereomicroscope at 40× magnification for bond failure patterns determination. Statistical analysis was performed using three-way ANOVA followed by Tukey’s test (α = 0.05).


The control and 17% EDTA + CI groups exhibited significantly lower bond strength than 0.2% Chitosan + CI, 17% EDTA + PUI, and 0.2% Chitosan + PUI groups in the cervical third (P = 0.00). The cervical third had higher values than the middle and apical thirds in control (P = 0.00), 17% EDTA + PUI (P = 0.00), and 0.2% Chitosan + PUI groups (P = 0.00). Adhesive cement-dentin failure type was predominant in all groups.


The use of 0.2% chitosan did not affect the bond strength of FP to root dentin. Passive ultrasonic activation of chelating solutions resulted in an improvement in bonding strength.

Keywords: Bond strength, Chelating agent, Chitosan, Fiber post, Passive ultrasonic activation, Smear layer.
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