RESEARCH ARTICLE


Depression, Anxiety and Stress Among Dentists During COVID-19 Lockdown



Natheer H. Al-Rawi1, Asmaa T. Uthman2, Musab Saeed3, 4, *, Ali A. Abdulkareem5, Sura Al Bayati2, Ahmed Al Nuaimi6
1 Department of Oral & Craniofacial Health Sciences, College of Dental Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
2 Department of Diagnostic & Surgical Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates
3 Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Dentistry, Ajman University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates
4 Centre of Medical and Bio-allied Health Sciences Research, Ajman University, Ajman, UAE
5 Department of Periodontics, College of Dentistry, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
6 Primary Health Corporation, Doha, Qatar


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Creative Commons License
© 2022 Al-Rawi et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Dentistry, Ajman University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates; E-mail: m.saeed@ajman.ac.ae


Abstract

Introduction:

The objective of this study was to investigate the levels of depression, anxiety, and stress among dentists during covid-19 lockdown and to investigate the relationship between stress and each mental health state.

Methods:

A cross-sectional survey on 269 dentists was conducted using DASS-21 and PHQ-9 questionnaires. Bivariate and multivariate models were constructed and the odds ratio (OR) was calculated to assess the strength of the association between an independent categorical variable and the outcome.

Results and Discussion:

Being unsatisfied with the job was associated with a statistically significant increase in DASS-21 score by an average of 5.9 points after adjusting for the possible confounding effect of the other independent variables included in the model. For each extra 10 years of clinical experience, there is a statistically significant reduction in DASS-21 score by an average of 1.3 points compared after adjusting for the possible confounding effect of the other independent variables included in the model.

Conclusion:

Stress, depression, and anxiety were prevalent during the pandemic among dentists. These psychological domains were modulated by several factors including marital status, gender, years of clinical experience, and degree of job satisfaction.

Keywords: Depression, Anxiety, Stress, Dentists, DASS-21, PHQ-9, Lockdown.