Gender Comparison of Students’ Perception of Educational Environment using DREEM Inventory, College of Dentistry, Jazan University

Mohammed M. Al Moaleem1, *
, Mosa A. Shubayr2, 3, Mannaa K. Aldowsari4, Manea M. Al-Ahmari5, Nasser M. Al Ahmari6, Abdulkhaliq A. Alshadidi7
1 Department of Prosthetic Dental Science, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan 45142, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan 45142, Saudi Arabia
3 Graduate Research College, The University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia
4 Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Periodontics and Community Dental Sciences. College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
6 Department of Prosthetic, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
7 Applied Medical Sciences College, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia

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© 2020 Al Moaleem et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Department of Prosthetic Dental Science, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan 45142, Saudi Arabia; E-mail:



The Educational Environment (EE) has an extremely important role in effective student learning. The Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) is a validated and widely tool to assess the EE in health and particularly in dental professional education programs.


This study aimed to compare male and female dental students' perception regarding DREEM inventory of EE in Jazan University. A cross-sectional questionnaire included questions on demographic information and the DREEM of EEs.


DREEM was used to gather information from our BDS students’ program about the environment in our institution. The data were selected from 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th year students. Data from 330 participants were distributed manually. Other factors such as type of graduated school, level of education, student’s GPA, and monthly income of family were assessed. All the data were analyzed.


286 (86%) of the students completed and returned the DREEM questionnaires. There was no statistically significant difference between genders with respect to mean scores of perceptions of learning. Also, there was a significant difference in terms of educational level, but no significant differences were observed in the DREEM subscales. The average overall DREEM score of the study subjects indicated a positive learning perception of 130.8 for males and 130.2 for females. The subscale for both genders involved students’ perception of learning as 32.1, the students’ perception of teaching as 29.1, while the students’ academic self-perception was 21.7. The students’ self-perception of atmosphere was 30.0 while students’ social self-perception accounted for 17.5.


Both gender students recorded positive values of the learning environment. Further, a qualitative investigation is recommended to be done on every single course to evaluate the changes and make necessary alterations.

Keywords: Dental students, DREEM, Educational environment, Student perceptions, Saudi riyal, Mean scores.