A Brief Historical Perspective on Dental Implants, Their Surface Coatings and Treatments
Celeste M Abraham*
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2014
Issue: Suppl 1
First Page: 50
Last Page: 55
Publisher ID: TODENTJ-8-50
Article History:Received Date: 10/1/2014
Revision Received Date: 27/1/2014
Acceptance Date: 12/2/2014
Electronic publication date: 16 /5/2014
Collection year: 2014
open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
This review highlights a brief, chronological sequence of the history of dental implants. This historical perspective begins with ancient civilizations and spotlights predominant dentists and their contributions to implant development through time. The physical, chemical and biologic properties of various dental implant surfaces and coatings are discussed, and specific surface treatments include an overview of machined implants, etched implants, and sand-blasted implants. Dental implant coatings such as hydroxyapatite, fluoride, and statin usage are further reviewed.