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A Brief Historical Perspective on Dental Implants, Their Surface Coatings and Treatments



Celeste M Abraham*
Texas A and M University Health Science Center, Baylor College of Dentistry, Department of Periodontics, 3302 Gaston Avenue, Room 142, Dallas, Texas, 75246


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Creative Commons License
© Celeste M. Abraham; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Texas A and M University Health Science Center, Baylor College of Dentistry, Department of Periodontics, 3302 Gaston Avenue, Room 142, Dallas, Texas, 75246; Tel: 214-828-8467; Fax: 214-874-4563; E-mail: cabraham@bcd.tamhsc.edu


Abstract

This review highlights a brief, chronological sequence of the history of dental implants. This historical perspective begins with ancient civilizations and spotlights predominant dentists and their contributions to implant development through time. The physical, chemical and biologic properties of various dental implant surfaces and coatings are discussed, and specific surface treatments include an overview of machined implants, etched implants, and sand-blasted implants. Dental implant coatings such as hydroxyapatite, fluoride, and statin usage are further reviewed.

Keywords: Dental history, implant surface, implants, surface coating.