Effect of Denture Adhesives in New Complete Dentures During a Function



Diego Mourão Guimarães, Érika Justo Marques, Giulia Cristina Deiró Almagro, Carolina Mayumi Iegami*, Roberto Chaib Stegun, Marcio Katsuyoshi Mukai
Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil

Abstract

Background:

Denture adhesives are often a matter of controversy. Patients seem to easily accept the use of denture adhesives, while professionals are more hesitant.

Objective:

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the self-perception, bite force and masticatory efficiency of complete denture wearers with denture adhesives.

Methods:

Fifteen complete denture wearers had their bite force measured by a gnathodynamometer in the molar region. Subjects also masticated 12 tablets of a chewable artificial test material for 35 masticatory cycles. The test material was washed, dried, sieved and weighed. Both tests were taken with and without the denture adhesive (Corega Ultra). The questionnaire Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) was applied to evaluate self-perception with dentures.

Results and Conclusion:

Masticatory efficiency and bite force for the control group (without denture adhesive) and for the group with denture adhesive presented no statistically significant differences (p = 0.2080 and p=0.2489, respectively). Self-perception according to the GOHAI index was great for 13% of participants, 40% considered it regular and 47% evaluated it as bad. Within the limitations of this study, it can be concluded that the use of denture adhesive did not promote an improvement in bite force and masticatory efficiency. According to the GOHAI index, self-perception of the participants was classified as bad.

Keywords: Complete denture, Bite force, Mastication, Patient satisfaction, GOHAI index, Denture adhesives.


Abstract Information


Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2018
Volume: 12
Publisher Item Identifier: EA-TODENTJ-2018-50

Article History:

Received Date: 17/4/2018
Revision Received Date: 11/10/2018
Acceptance Date: 29/10/2018
Electronic publication date: 1/11/2018
Collection year: 2018

© 2018 Guimarães et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Correspondence: Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Avenida Professor Lineu Prestes, 2227, Cidade Universitária 05508-000, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Tel: 55 11 2648-8321; Fax: 55 11 3091-7888; E-mail: carolinaiegami@usp.br